James Sowerby (1757-1822) was an English naturalist, artist, engraver and teacher. He studied at the Royal Academy in London and was first apprenticed to the marine painter, Richard Wright. He produced his first botanical art when he was about thirty. Sowerby went on to work for William Curtis and contributed to the first volumes of The Botanical Magazine and to Flora Londinensis (1777-1798). By the mid 1790's James Sowerby had established himself as the finest botanical artist in England. James Sowerby became the head of a gifted family of British botanical and natural science illustrators whose members amassed an impressive record of achievements spanning three generations. English Botany was by far Sowerby's most celebrated achievement. His use of vivid colour and accessible texts were intended to reach a widening audience in works of natural history. These delicate and detailed drawings of flower and seaweeds showcase his great skill as a natural history artist.