Beginning in ancient times, humans sought to operate under the water.
The first military submarine was the Turtle (1775), a hand-powered device designed by the American David Bushnell for a single person. It was the first verified submarine capable of independent underwater operation and movement.
In 1866, the Sub Marine Explorer was the first submarine to successfully dive, cruise underwater, and resurface under the control of the crew.
Submarine design then took off, and they were adopted by several navies.
These vintage lithographs show submarines made in the period 1898 to 1959.
Numerous naval officers from many countries and experts from the Imperial War Museum, and National Maritime Museum in London were consulted during their creation of the lithographs.