Etching became the printing process most attractive to artists from the mid 19th century, as it allowed dramatic contrasts between delicate and heavy lines, and had the spontaneity of sketching. The most famous artist to use it was Rembrandt.
Etching is related to engraving and aquatinting and uses acid to make marks in metal printing plates:
Compared to engraving, etching allows the artist to draw quite quickly and freely and this means the images they create can have a sketchier feel.
Famous artists to use etching include Cruickshank in his caricatures , Rembrandt and Samuel Howitt's beautifully detailed etchings of animals from 1823:
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